Chemical labels must meet specific requirements to ensure safety, compliance, and proper handling of hazardous materials. Here are some essential requirements for chemical labels:
- Globally Harmonized System (GHS) compliance: Chemical labels must adhere to the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals, an internationally agreed-upon system for hazard communication.
- Hazard pictograms: Chemical labels should include appropriate hazard pictograms to visually represent the nature of the hazard. These pictograms are universally recognized symbols that help identify hazards quickly and effectively.
- Signal words: Chemical labels should include signal words such as “Danger” or “Warning” to indicate the severity of the hazard.
- Hazard statements: Hazard statements are specific phrases that describe the nature and degree of the hazard. They should be included on chemical labels to inform users of potential risks.
- Precautionary statements: Precautionary statements outline measures to prevent or minimize adverse effects from exposure to the chemical. These statements should be included on the label to provide guidance on safe handling, storage, and disposal.
- Product identifier: The label should clearly display the name of the chemical, along with any relevant identification numbers, such as the Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) number.
- Supplier information: Chemical labels should include the name, address, and contact information of the manufacturer or supplier, allowing users to contact them for further information or in case of an emergency.
- Material durability: Chemical labels should be made from durable materials, such as synthetic or coated papers, that can withstand exposure to chemicals, moisture, and abrasion.
- Adhesive: The adhesive used for chemical labels should be strong and resistant to the chemical’s properties, ensuring the label remains affixed to the container throughout its lifecycle.
- Legibility: All information on chemical labels should be presented in a clear, readable font and size, ensuring users can quickly and easily understand the hazards and precautions associated with the chemical.
- Language: Chemical labels should be written in the official language(s) of the country where the chemical is being used or distributed, ensuring effective communication of hazard information.
- Local regulations: In addition to GHS requirements, chemical labels should also comply with any local or regional regulations specific to the country or region where the chemical is being used or sold.
Following these requirements will help ensure that chemical labels effectively communicate critical information about the hazards and safe handling of chemicals, contributing to the overall safety and well-being of those who work with these substances.